The two conferences around the world focus on energy conservation and emission reduction, and the green development of the ecolo
At the recent two conferences held in the near future, energy conservation and emission reduction and green development have attracted much attention. Representatives and committee members made free speeches and suggestions on issues such as treatment, water control, garbage sorting, and land greening. The government work reports of all provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) have made a large part of their efforts to promote green development and ecological civilization. deploy. Regardless of the eastern, central or western regions, the trend of further restructuring and promoting new developments in green development is remarkable and inspiring.
Healing a combination of boxing and dispelling the "heart and lungs" of the people
In the first year of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan", China's air quality has generally improved, but the problem of air pollution is still relatively serious. How to further prevent and control air pollution and eliminate the "heart and lungs" of the people has become an important topic of the local two sessions.
“The annual average concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is controlled to be around 60 micrograms per cubic meter”, which is one of the main expected goals of economic and social development this year clearly stated in the Beijing Municipal Government Work Report. The "Beijing 60" target is also a hard indicator set by Beijing Municipality in the "Air Pollution Prevention Action Plan" ("Atmosphere Ten") issued by the State Council in 2013.
Last year, the average annual concentration of PM2.5 in Beijing was 73 micrograms per cubic meter, and this year it will fall by about 18%. This is undoubtedly a tough battle. To this end, Beijing will increase its efforts to control air pollution, adopt 30% reduction of coal combustion in the whole year, and reduce the total amount to less than 7 million tons, eliminate 300,000 old vehicles, and build 3,000 new energy vehicles. And many other measures. This year, Beijing will allocate 18.22 billion yuan to control air pollution.
Burning straw in open air is an important factor affecting the atmospheric environment. The Tianjin Municipal People's Congress voted on the decision on the comprehensive utilization of crop straw and open-air ban, and stipulated that from March 1 this year, the open burning of crop straws should be completely banned, and the offenders can be fined up to 2,000 yuan. In addition, Tianjin's government work report proposes to change or shut down 7 coal-fired power plants and 380 coal-fired boilers, comprehensively control urban and rural loose coal, shut down and eliminate 100 backward enterprises, and the average annual concentration of PM2.5 decreases better than Last year, the task of the national "Atmosphere Ten" was completed.
The government work report of Hebei Province proposed to carry out the “Blue Sky Action” in depth, reducing coal consumption by more than 6 million tons and reducing coke production capacity by 7.2 million tons. All localities and cities, especially those with serious pollution, must formulate plans for the deadlines for atmospheric environmental quality, the adjustment and withdrawal of urban industrial enterprises, the adjustment of industrial parks, and the management of loose coal. They should clarify the annual targets, publicize the results on a regular basis, and strictly assess rewards and punishments. The goal of Hebei Province is that the average concentration of PM2.5 will drop by more than 6% this year, and the energy consumption per unit of GDP will fall by about 4%.
The reporter found that some places put the iron fist in the important position of the government's work this year, as the primary project to protect the ecological environment and do practical things for the people.
“Take the treatment as the number one project of environmental protection.” The Shaanxi Provincial Government’s work report proposes to adhere to the measures of reducing coal, controlling vehicles, suppressing dust, controlling the source, prohibiting the burning, and increasing the greenery, and vigorously promote the atmosphere focusing on the Guanzhong area. Pollution prevention and joint defense. With environmental protection forced structural adjustment and industrial transformation and upgrading, and vigorously develop circular economy and clean production, the carbon emission intensity decreased by 3.9% compared with the previous year. The concentration of PM2.5 in Guanzhong area was reduced by more than 3%, and the number of excellent days increased by an average of 5 days.
The Zhejiang Provincial Government Work Report puts forward the ten aspects of people's livelihood that must be carefully implemented. The first three items are ecological and environmental protection. The first item is to “completely complete the ultra-low emission technology transformation of large coal-fired units, and comprehensively eliminate and transform small coal. The pot (kiln) furnace actively manages the haze." Zhejiang Province proposed that energy conservation, emission reduction and carbon reduction indicators should be “completed or over-completed” in the target tasks of the country.
This year is the year of assessment of the "Atmosphere Ten". According to the "Atmosphere Ten" requirements, by 2017, the concentration of fine particulate matter in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, and Pearl River Delta regions will be reduced by 25%, 20%, and 15%, respectively, compared with 2012. In order to achieve the goal of governance and usher in more blue skies, various localities have launched powerful combos to adjust the industrial structure, improve the energy structure, and fight against pollution.
Control the water system to promote the river system, prevent water pollution, repair water ecology
In December 2016, the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on the Full Implementation of the River Length System", requiring that the river length system be fully established by the end of 2018, with clear responsibility, coordinated and orderly, strict supervision and strong protection. River and lake management protection mechanism.
How to implement the river system and realize the river Changzhi?
The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region government work report proposes that this year will implement the most stringent water resources management system, actively launch the river long system work, and strengthen the management of rivers and lakes according to law. Strictly implement the “three red lines” of water resources management, and strengthen the major planning, project water resources development and protection demonstration system. Measures such as returning farmland, water conservation, prohibiting land reclamation and new water intake development and construction projects are strictly implemented for areas with excessive water consumption.
The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region government work report proposes to implement the river length system, strengthen the tributaries of the Yellow River and the Yellow River drainage ditch, comprehensively ban the direct discharge of enterprises, severely crack down on the pollution of the Yellow River, and resolutely protect the "mother river."
After the “Taihu Lake Blue Algae Incident” in 2007, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, pioneered the long river water, and changed the “multi-head water control” to “one dragon water control”. Jiangsu Province, which has taken the lead in the river system, proposed in this year’s government work report that “the river system will be fully implemented”, and the water pollution prevention action plan and the “double control” of water resources and intensity will be implemented in depth to strengthen the Yangtze River and Huaihe River Basin. And the prevention and control of pollution in coastal waters, promote the governance of Taihu Lake in the new era, and pay close attention to the implementation of water quality and water function zones in key sections.
The management of key rivers and lakes and urban black and odorous water bodies has received much attention, and local governments have made specific arrangements.
Last year, the water quality of plateau lakes such as Dianchi in Yunnan improved. The Yunnan Provincial Government Work Report proposes to further strengthen the protection and management of the nine major plateau lakes such as Dianchi Lake and Bohai Sea, and the six major river systems such as the Yangtze River and the Pearl River. The water quality improvement rate of the main river sections is not less than 80%, and the water quality compliance rate of the centralized drinking water sources in the cities above the county level reaches 100%, and the water quality compliance rate of the main exit and cross-border river sections reaches 100%.
The Liaoning Provincial Government Work Report proposes the implementation of the Bishui Project, promotes the upgrading of urban sewage treatment plants, strengthens efforts to control urban black and odorous water bodies, and carries out the “Blue Bay” remediation actions.
Protecting water resources, preventing water pollution, improving water environment, and rehabilitating water ecology... With the comprehensive advancement of water control and water conservation measures, the rivers in the north and south of the river will be more vital and the lake will be more clear and beautiful.
A comprehensive well-off short-board to make green water and green mountains become beautiful business cards
In addition to "governing gas" and "water control", local governments have also set clear targets and measures for waste sorting, land greening, and rural environmental protection.
The Zhejiang Provincial Government Work Report proposes to study and formulate specific measures to promote waste sorting, accelerate the construction of urban waste treatment facilities and the ecological transformation of landfills, and achieve centralized coverage of rural domestic waste collection and treatment.
The Guangdong Provincial Government Work Report proposes to speed up the new round of greening in Guangdong, adding 2.28 million mu of afforestation, with a forest coverage rate of 59.08% and a green coverage rate of 42% in urban built-up areas.
Hunan Province regards the "environmental governance campaign" as one of the three major battles to be played this year. The government work report proposes to promote the comprehensive improvement of the rural environment with the four-year action plan for rural housing renovation and human settlements improvement. Covering, 80% of townships and towns have built domestic garbage transfer facilities to build more beautiful villages.
In order to make the green water and green mountains become bright business cards and achieve sustainable development, all localities will continue to exert their strength in innovating the ecological civilization system and mechanism.
“Ecological beauty is the sustainable advantage of building a new Fujian.” The Fujian Provincial Government Work Report proposes to focus on key and difficult issues, highlight institutional innovation, and promote 17 key annual reforms. Implement a vertical management system for monitoring, monitoring and law enforcement of environmental protection agencies below the provincial level, formulate a list of environmental protection responsibility for departments, and conduct comprehensive environmental protection inspections. Piloting provincial-level spatial planning, promoting “multi-regulation” and promoting the pilot system of Wuyishan National Park.
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Government Work Report proposes to strengthen the construction of an ecological civilization system, comprehensively implement the main functional area planning, and adhere to the ecological protection red line. Establish a linkage mechanism for project environmental assessment and planning environmental assessment, and accelerate the market-oriented reform of emissions trading. Give play to the guiding role of environmental protection funds, carry out third-party environmental pollution control, and develop ecological and environmental protection industries.
“There is no saddle in the fast-moving horse.” The reporter learned that in many places, just after the end of the two sessions, the government’s work report was divided into key work division plans, detailed decomposition, responsibility to people, and intensive implementation.
In the process of building a well-off society in an all-round way, the ecological environment is a prominent shortcoming in many places. Putting the green development concept into practice, step by step, and for a long time, all localities will be able to embark on a win-win road of economic development and ecological improvement, and usher in the beautiful China.
Source: China Energy Conservation Network