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The NPC and CPPCC will focus on energy conservation and emission reduction, and green development of the ecological environment!

03 Nov,2022

At the recent two conferences in various places, energy conservation, emission reduction and green development are the focus of attention. Representatives and committee members spoke freely and offered advice and suggestions on issues such as smog control, water control, garbage classification, land greening, etc. The government work reports of all provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) used a large amount of space to comprehensively promote green development and ecological civilization construction. deploy. Regardless of the eastern, central or western regions, the trend of further structural adjustment and transformation and new breakthroughs in promoting green development are eye-catching and exciting.
Fight haze with a combination of punches to eliminate the "heart and lung problems" of the people
In the first year of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan", my country's air quality is generally improving, but the problem of air pollution is still relatively serious. How to further prevent and control air pollution and eliminate the "heart and lung problems" of the people has become an important topic of the local two sessions.
"Strive to control the annual average concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) at about 60 micrograms per cubic meter", this is one of the main expected goals for this year's economic and social development clearly stated in the Beijing Municipal Government Work Report. The "Beijing 60" goal is also a hard target set for Beijing by the "Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Air Pollution" ("Ten Measures") issued by the State Council in 2013.
Last year, the annual average concentration of PM2.5 in Beijing was 73 micrograms per cubic meter, and it will drop by about 18% this year. It will undoubtedly be an uphill battle. To this end, Beijing will step up efforts to control air pollution, reduce coal consumption by 30% throughout the year, and reduce the total amount to less than 7 million tons, eliminate 300,000 old motor vehicles, and build 3,000 public charging piles for new energy vehicles and many other measures. This year, Beijing will allocate 18.22 billion yuan to control air pollution.
Open straw burning is an important factor affecting the atmospheric environment. The Tianjin Municipal People's Congress voted to pass the decision on the comprehensive utilization of crop straws and the ban on open-air burning. It stipulates that starting from March 1 this year, open-air burning of crop straws will be completely prohibited. Violators can be fined up to 2,000 yuan. In addition, Tianjin's government work report proposes to switch to or shut down 7 coal-fired power units and 380 coal-fired boilers, comprehensively control scattered coal in urban and rural areas, shut down and eliminate 100 backward enterprises, and reduce the average annual concentration of PM2.5 better than Last year, the national "atmosphere ten" target tasks were completed.
The government work report of Hebei Province proposes to carry out the "Blue Sky Action" in depth, reduce coal consumption by more than 6 million tons, and reduce coke production capacity by 7.2 million tons throughout the year. All regions, especially cities and counties with serious pollution, must formulate plans for achieving atmospheric environmental quality standards within a time limit, adjusting and withdrawing industrial enterprises in urban areas, adjusting industrial parks, and treating scattered coal. The goal of Hebei Province is to reduce the average concentration of PM2.5 by more than 6% this year, and reduce the energy consumption per unit of GDP by about 4%.
Reporters found that some places put iron-fisted control of smog at an important position in government work this year, as the primary project of protecting the ecological environment and doing practical things for the people.
"Take smog control as the number one project of environmental protection." The work report of the Shaanxi Provincial Government proposes that six measures should be taken simultaneously to reduce coal, control vehicles, suppress dust, control sources, ban combustion, and increase greenery, and vigorously promote the air pollution control centered on the Guanzhong area. Joint prevention and treatment of pollution. Using environmental protection to force structural adjustment and industrial transformation and upgrading, vigorously develop circular economy and clean production, reduce carbon emission intensity by 3.9% compared with the previous year, strive to reduce PM2.5 concentration in Guanzhong area by more than 3%, and increase the number of good days on average by 5 days.
The work report of the Zhejiang Provincial Government puts forward ten aspects of people's livelihood that must be carefully handled. The first three are ecological and environmental protection. The first is "to fully complete the ultra-low emission technical transformation of large Pot (kiln) furnace, actively control smog". Zhejiang Province proposed that the targets for energy conservation, emission reduction and carbon reduction should be "fulfilled or overfulfilled" the goals and tasks assigned by the state.
This year is the assessment year for the "Ten Measures of the Atmosphere". The "Ten Atmospheric Measures" require that by 2017, the concentration of fine particulate matter in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Yangtze River Delta region, and the Pearl River Delta region will be reduced by about 25%, 20%, and 15% respectively compared to 2012. In order to achieve governance goals and usher in more blue skies, various places have launched powerful combined measures such as adjusting industrial structure, improving energy structure, and cracking down on pollution.
Water control promotes the river chief system to prevent and control water pollution and restore water ecology
In December 2016, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on the Comprehensive Implementation of the River Chief System", requiring the full establishment of the River Chief System by the end of 2018, with clear responsibilities, orderly coordination, strict supervision, and strong protection. River and lake management and protection mechanism.
How to implement the river chief system and realize river chief governance?
The government work report of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region states that the strictest water resources management system will be implemented this year, the river chief system will be actively launched, and the management and protection of rivers and lakes will be strengthened in accordance with the law. Strictly implement the "three red lines" of water resource management, and strengthen the major planning, project water resource development and protection demonstration system. For areas where the total water consumption exceeds the standard, measures such as returning farmland, saving water, prohibiting land reclamation, and restricting the approval of new water intake development and construction projects will be resolutely implemented.
The government work report of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region proposes to implement the river chief system, strengthen the management of the tributaries of the Yellow River and drainage ditches entering the Yellow River, comprehensively ban the direct discharge outlets of enterprises, severely crack down on the pollution of the Yellow River, and resolutely protect the "Mother River".
After the "Taihu Lake Cyanobacteria Incident" in 2007, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province pioneered the management of water by the length of the river, changing "multi-head water control" to "one dragon water control". Jiangsu Province, which is one step ahead of the river chief system, proposed in this year's government work report to "fully implement the river chief system", deeply implement the water pollution prevention and control action plan and the "dual control" action of the total amount and intensity of water resources, and strengthen the Yangtze River and Huaihe River basins. and coastal waters pollution prevention and control, promote the Taihu Lake treatment in the new era, and pay close attention to implementing the water quality of key sections and water function areas to meet the standards.
The treatment of key rivers, lakes and urban black and odorous water bodies has attracted much attention, and the two sessions in various places have made specific arrangements.
Last year, the water quality of plateau lakes such as Dianchi Lake in Yunnan improved. The work report of the Yunnan Provincial Government proposes to further strengthen the protection and management of nine plateau lakes including Dianchi Lake and Erhai Lake and six major water systems including the Yangtze River and Pearl River. The water quality rate of major river sections is not less than 80%, the water quality compliance rate of centralized drinking water sources in cities above the county level reaches 100%, and the water quality compliance rate of major outbound and cross-border river sections reaches 100%.
The work report of the Liaoning Provincial Government proposes the implementation of clear water projects, promotion of upgrading and transformation of urban sewage treatment plants, intensifying efforts to control black and odorous water bodies in cities, and carrying out the "Blue Bay" rectification action.
Protect water resources, prevent and control water pollution, improve water environment, and restore water ecology... With the comprehensive advancement of water control and water protection measures in various places, rivers in the north and south of the river will be more vibrant and lakes will be more clear and beautiful.
Make up for shortcomings in a well-off society in an all-round way, making green water and green mountains a beautiful business card
In addition to "controlling qi" and "controlling water", the local two meetings have also put forward clear goals and measures for waste classification, land greening, and rural environmental protection.
The work report of the Zhejiang Provincial Government proposes to study and formulate specific measures to promote waste classification, accelerate the construction of urban waste treatment facilities and the ecological transformation of waste landfills, and basically achieve full coverage of centralized collection and treatment of rural domestic waste.
The work report of the Guangdong Provincial Government proposes to accelerate a new round of greening Guangdong campaign, adding 2.28 million mu of new forests, with a forest coverage rate of 59.08% and a green coverage rate of 42% in urban built-up areas.
Hunan Province regards the "Environmental Governance Campaign" as one of the three key battles to be fought this year. The government work report proposes that the four-year action plan for rural housing renovation and improvement of the living environment should be taken as the starting point to promote comprehensive improvement of the rural environment. 80% of the townships have built domestic waste collection and transfer facilities to build more beautiful villages.
In order to make green water and green mountains a beautiful business card and achieve sustainable development, all localities will continue to make efforts to innovate the system and mechanism of ecological civilization and overcome difficulties.
"Ecological beauty is the sustainable advantage of building a new Fujian." The work report of the Fujian Provincial Government puts forward the focus on key and difficult issues, highlighting the innovation of systems and mechanisms, and promoting 17 key reforms for the year. Implement a vertical management system for monitoring, supervision and law enforcement by environmental protection agencies below the provincial level, formulate a list of departmental ecological and environmental protection responsibilities, and comprehensively carry out environmental protection inspections. Carry out provincial-level spatial planning pilots, promote "multi-plan integration", and promote the Wuyishan National Park system pilot.
The government work report of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region proposes to strengthen the construction of the ecological civilization system, fully implement the planning of the main functional areas, and stick to the red line of ecological protection. Establish a linkage mechanism between project environmental assessment and planning environmental assessment, and accelerate the market-oriented reform of pollution emission trading. Give full play to the guiding role of environmental protection funds, carry out third-party governance of environmental pollution, and develop ecological and environmental protection industries.
"The horse is running fast." The reporter learned that in many places, just after the two sessions, the government work report issued a plan for the division of key tasks, which was detailed and broken down, and the responsibility was assigned to each person, and the implementation was intensively promoted.
In the process of building a well-off society in an all-round way, the ecological environment is a prominent shortcoming in many places. Putting the concept of green development into practice, working step by step, and working hard for a long time, all localities will surely find a win-win road of economic development and ecological improvement, and usher in a beautiful China with beautiful mountains and rivers.
Source: China Energy Conservation Network